Acacia spinescens Benth.

Spiny Wattle

London J. Bot. 1: 323 (1842) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Much-branched, erect shrub, mostly 0.5–1 m high; branchlets rigid, terete, striate by rather prominent yellow ribs, green, grey-green or subglaucous between ribs, glabrous, spinose. Phyllodes normally absent, very rarely few persistent at base of main stems, linear to oblong, 1–5 cm long, 2–3 mm wide, thick, tip curved or hooked; midvein prominent; gland c. 6 mm from pulvinus. Heads usually sessile, globular, 3–8-flowered, 5–7 mm diam., bright golden; bracteoles sessile, concave, c. 1 mm long and almost as wide, brown. Flowers 5-merous; sepals largely fused. Pods linear-moniliform, 2–3 cm long, 2–3.5 mm wide, curved, becoming twisted, glabrous, dark brown; seeds longitudinal, oblong-elliptic, aril clavate Flowers Aug.–Oct.

DunT, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuM, RobP, Wim. Also SA. Widespread in western Victoria as far south as Black Range (west of the Grampians), mostly in mallee vegetation.

Recognized readily by its rigid, striate, spinose branches which are normally devoid of phyllodes. Although the heads are usually sessile, the peduncles can occasionally reach 6 mm long.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-12
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia spinescens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia spinescens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Goldfields present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales