Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes subshrubs. Leaves simple, entire, dentate or pinnatisect, petiolate, becoming sessile and stem-clasping below inflorescence. Inflorescences rounded to elongate thyrses loosely branching into several dichasia. Flowers small, sessile, red or white; bracts scale-like; sepals 10–23, connate in a short tube, plumose, inrolled at anthesis, enlarging and becoming visible only in fruit; corolla zygomorphic, 5-lobed, with a slender tube 3–5 times longer than lobes, upper lobe usually longer and spurred; stamen 1, filament inserted in throat of corolla-tube, style slender, stigma entire or 3-branched. Cypsela dry, surmounted by persistent calyx-lobes, scarcely ridged where 2 cells aborted.

About 12 species, from Europe and the Mediterranean; 2 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Valerianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Dipsacales
family Valerianaceae
Higher taxa
genus Centranthus
Subordinate taxa