Brassica fruticulosa Cirillo

Twiggy Turnip

Pl. Rar. Neapol. 2: 7 (1792) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Biennial or perennial. Taproot relatively slight. Stems erect, to 50 cm high, more or less woody at base, branched, ultimately glabrous. Basal leaves petiolate, to 15 cm long, deeply lobed, with a large terminal lobe and 2 or 3 smaller lateral ones, sparsely bristly, margins irregularly scalloped; upper leaves petiolate or narrowed to base, smaller towards top of plant, the uppermost linear and more or less entire. Inflorescence initially with open flowers overtopping the buds, elongating with age. Sepals almost erect, 4–5 mm long; petals 9–10 mm long, yellow; stamens erect; ovary shortly stalked. Fruit erect, 1–4 cm long (including beak), 1–2 mm wide, on 1–3 mm stalk beyond end of pedicel; valves somewhat constricted between seeds, midrib not prominent; beak 2.5–4 mm long, with 0–2 seeds, pedicel 10–20 mm long; seeds 1–2 mm wide, red-brown. Flowers most of year except mid-summer.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW. Native to southern Europe and northern Africa. A common weed, usually of disturbed sites or wasteland (e.g. roadsides, stream banks, rail lines, vacant blocks etc.).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Brassica
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Brassica fruticulosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Brassica fruticulosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales