Salix alba L.

Sp. Pl. 1021 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or spreading tree to 20 m or more high; trunks 1–several; bark greyish-brown, deeply fissured with age; twigs at first densely appressed-villous, remaining pubescent or becoming glabrous, often lustrous, brown, olive-green to orange-yellow, hardly fragile at joints; buds tan to dark brown, usually appressed-pubescent. Leaves lanceolate, 5–13 cm long, 0.5–2.7 cm wide, at first densely appressed-sericeous, ultimately more or less glabrous and dull to lustrous green above, undersurface glaucous or glaucescent, thinly appressed-sericeous or glabrous; apex long-acuminate; base narrowly cuneate; margins minutely glandular-serrate; stipules caducous, asymmetrically subulate-lanceolate, to 5 mm long, densely appressed-sericeous, margins glandular-toothed, upper surface with scattered dark sessile glands. Catkins (3.5–)5–8 cm long, produced on short leafy lateral shoots, spreading or erect; male and female plants present; male catkins elongate-cylindric, c. 8 mm wide, dense-flowered; catkin-scales 2–3 mm long, pale yellow-green; stamens 2; female catkin c. 6 mm diam., catkin-scales 3–5.5 mm long; ovary subsessile or very shortly stalked, glabrous, narrowly flask-shaped, 2–3.5 mm long; capsule shortly flask-shaped, 4–5 mm long.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP.

3 varieties, all cultivated and 2 naturalised in Victoria.

Source: Carr, G.W. (1996). Salix. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Salicaceae
genus Salix
Higher taxa
species Salix alba L.
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Salix alba in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salix alba in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory