Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 506 (1812) APNI
Spreading tree to 15 m high or more; foliage most silvery early in the growing season; twigs orange-yellow, very conspicuous in winter but usually retaining a muted golden colour throughout the growing season; leaves becoming glabrescent, upper surfaces darker and more lustrous than in var. alba; inflorescences and flowers similar in Victorian material (although Meikle (1984) notes less hairy, narrower and longer catkin-scales in var. vitellina).
*CVU, *DunT, *Gold, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Indigenous origins obscure, long cultivated in Britain and Europe. Naturalised in New Zealand. Very widely cultivated and vegetatively naturalized for the most part; plants are almost always female. Populations are frequent but not large as the twigs are not very brittle. Abundantly recruiting from seed in some locations (e.g. Broken River, north-east Victoria) but pollen donor is probably Salix fragilis nothovar. fragilis. Salix alba var. vitellina is one of the parents of S. fragilis nothovar. fragilis. It is also a parent of S. ×sepulcralis var. chrysocoma and several related hybrids of uncertain parentage.
A female clone of Salix alba var. caerulea (Sm.) Sm. (Cricket-bat Willow) of Britain and Europe is rarely cultivated in Victoria (e.g. Apollo Bay, Daylesford, Tambo River) and has not become naturalized. It is a very large pyramidal or spreading tree to 30 m high with lanceolate appressed-sericeous leaves, becoming glabrescent, dull blue-green above and strongly glaucous below. Fertile characters as for S. alba var. alba. A Cricket-bat Willow industry has recently been established.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|