Teucrium racemosum R.Br.

Grey Germander

Prodr. 504 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial herb 15–40 cm high, root-suckering and often forming stands to several metres across; branchlets white or greyish with dense simple retrorse hairs, becoming glabrous on angles. Leaves narrowly ovate, 1–2(–5) cm long, 2–6 mm wide, simple, sparsely to moderately pubescent above, densely white-pubescent below, apex sub-acute, margin entire or distantly lobed, usually unevenly recurved and/or undulate; sessile or subsessile. Flowers solitary (rarely 3) in distal leaf-axils; pedicel 5–18 mm long, often horizontal with distal end and flower erect. Calyx (2–)3–6 mm long, densely grey-pubescent with antrorse hairs, tube c. half as long as or equal to lobes; corolla white, tube slightly shorter than calyx, mid-lobe (2–)5–9 mm long, pubescent externally; stamens c. (1–)8–13 mm long. Mericarps 2–3 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Jun.

CVU, EGL, GipP, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Grows in sandy to clayey soils, often on floodplains or dry lake beds, chiefly in the north-west of the State, but with surprisingly disjunct occurrences in areas between Bacchus Marsh, Werribee and Melbourne.

The species is gynodioecious (Walsh & O'Brien 2013). Plants with small flowers and reduced stamens (indicated by bracketed values in description above) are male-sterile. Such plants were described as T. racemosum var. polymorphum Tovey & P.Morris.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-06

Walsh, N.G., O'Brien, E. (2013). Gynodioecy in Teucrium racemosum (Lamiaceae), Muelleria 31: 77-80.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Teucrium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Teucrium racemosum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Teucrium racemosum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales