Carex punctata Gaudin

Dotted Sedge

Agrost. Helv. 2: 152 (1811) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Rhizome very short; shoots ± densely tufted. Culms erect, trigonous, smooth, 10–60 cm long, c. 1 mm diam. Leaves shorter or longer than culms, 10–50 cm long, flaccid, 2–5 mm wide, pale or yellowish green; sheath orange-brown, often faintly red-dotted, the apex concave; ligule obtuse to retuse, commonly red-dotted, appearing tubular (i.e. at the sheath apex, the margins of the  leaf blade extend downwards, free from the ligular tube) at least at the base of the upper 1 or 2 leaf blades. Inflorescence erect to spreading, 7–18 cm long, with 3–5 spikes solitary at nodes; lowest involucral bracts exceeding or equalling inflorescence. Spikes pedunculate, distant, spreading at maturity, 0.5–3 cm long; uppermost spike male; lower spikes female; male glumes mucronate, 3–4 mm long, oblong-obovate, orange-brown; female glumes often mucronate, 2–4 mm long (including the mucro if present to 2.5 mm long), obovate, yellowish or pale brown with a green midrib and hyaline margin, often faintly red-dotted; utricles inserted at an angle of 75–90° to the stem axis and therefore strongly patent; utricles 3–4 mm long, c. 1.8 mm diam., obovoid to ellipsoid, few-nerved, nerves indistinct or distinct, glabrous, pale green, often red-dotted, usually obviously shiny; beak c 0.8 mm long, with apex bifid to notched; style 3-fid. Nut ellipsoid to obovoid, trigonous, pale to dark yellow-brown. Flowers spring.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF. Native to Northwest Africa, and Eurasia. Naturalised in New Zealand. Naturalised in the Powelltown-Neerim and Trentham areas, where recorded from roadside ditches and other disturbed sites in damp to wet, tall forests.

 Carex punctata is frequently confused with C. distans (see notes under C. distans). The utricle and ligule are often minutely red-dotted at maturity as in C. gunniana and C. blakei. Also resembles C. brownii (see notes under C. brownii).

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-11
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Carex
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Carex punctata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Carex punctata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map