Cardamine flexuosa With.

Wood Bitter-cress

Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl., edn 3, 578 (1796) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual to perennial, to 50 cm high with a fibrous root system; flowering stems erect, or occasionally decumbent and rooting at nodes, moderately hairy throughout, rarely almost glabrous. Leaves thin with scattered, often tubercle-based hairs c. 0.3 mm long on the upper surface; basal leaves rosetted, to 15 cm long, pinnate with (1–)3–5(–7) pairs of lateral pinnae and a larger circular terminal leaflet, margins usually crenate; cauline leaves (2–)4–7(–10), becoming deeply dissected towards top of plant, mostly 3–6 cm long. Racemes many-flowered; sepals 1.5–2.5 mm long, with a few hairs; petals 3–4 mm long, white; mature style to c. 1 mm long. Fruits inclined at 45°–75° to a flexuose rachis, not or hardly overtopping open flowers of same inflorescence, 1.0–2.5 cm long, c. 1.0–1.5 mm wide; pedicels 5–10 mm long; seeds c. 1.0–1.2 mm long. Flowers all year.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *OtR, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native of Europe, Asia. Not as common or as widespread as Cardamine hirsuta with which it can be confused. Quite frequent in shaded gullies and beside streams in the suburbs of Melbourne and further east.

Source: Thompson, I.R. (1996). Cardamine. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Cardamine
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cardamine flexuosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cardamine flexuosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory