Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha (Stapt ex Thell.) J.M.Black

Early Spring-grass

Fl. South Australia, edn 2, 68 (1943)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Tufted perennial. Culms erect, to c. 70 cm high, nodes pubescent. Leaves glabrous or sparsely pubescent; blade 7–20 cm long and 2–7 mm wide; ligule c. 1 mm long. Panicle 5–15 cm long, with 4–8 loosely appressed branches 3–6 cm long. Spikelets dorsally compressed, 4–6 mm long, shortly pedicellate, in two rows along the flattened branches, pedicels ciliate toward apex; lower glume purplish, c. 0.5 mm long, closely adhering to rachilla; upper glume obscurely 5-nerved, acuminate, the tip narrowed to a mucro or short awn 0.5–1 mm long, the whole as long as the spikelet, covered dorsally with white, silky hairs, slightly granular beneath the hairs; lower (sterile) lemma equal or subequal to upper glume; fertile lemma elliptic, c. 3 mm long (including a slender terminal awn c. 0.5 mm long), hardened, white, granular, sometimes finely transversely ridged. Flowers Nov.–Mar.

CVU, GipP, Gold, HNF, HSF, MuF, MuM, OtP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. All mainland states. Largely confined to irrigated areas along the lower Goulburn River (e.g. Kyabram, Rochester), and the Murray River downstream from its confluence with the Goulburn (Echuca, Kerang, Mildura areas), but locally common in these districts, with isolated occurrences Kaniva, north and west of Melbourne and Gippsland. Often prominent during wet summers.

Differing only slightly from E. crebra S.T.Blake which differs in having an acute to shortly acuminate, but not mucronate or awned upper glume. It is much rarer in Victoria than E. pseudoacrotricha.

At least some occurrences away from northern Victoria are likely to have been caused by seed inadvertently transported with stock or fodder.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-08-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Eriochloa
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory