Lomandra longifolia Labill.

Spiny-headed Mat-rush

Nov. Holl. Pl. 1: 92, t. 119 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tussocks dense. Leaves flat or slightly concavo-convex in cross-section, occasionally inrolled, (35–)50–100 cm long, 2–10 mm wide, glabrous; basal sheath gradually tapering distally, intact or coarsely torn, brown, orange-brown or reddish brown, occasionally white; apex (often irregularly) 2- or 3-pointed. Male and female inflorescences similar, unbranched or branched, the larger branches or all branches often 2 per node and distichous, 12–50 cm long, with flower clusters whorled; non-flowering axis exposed for 4.5–42 cm, laterally flattened; flower-bearing axis 4.5–30 cm long. Bracts at the base of each cluster of flowers generally longer to much longer than the flowers (rarely shorter than flower clusters or apparently absent), pungent, straw-coloured to whitish. Flowers sessile; outer perianth shiny, papery, purplish or yellow; inner perianth fleshy, yellow or cream-coloured. Male flowers 3–3.5 mm long; female flowers c. 4.5 mm long. Spiny-headed Mat-rush, Karawun (Koorie name).

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, MuF, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim.

2 subspecies in Victoria.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Xanthorrhoeaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Lomandra
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Lomandra longifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lomandra longifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory