Phyllanthus hirtellus Müll.Arg.

Thyme Spurge

Linnaea 32: 22 (1863) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Dioecious shrub to 50(–120) cm high; branchlets scabrous to hirsute. Leaves obovate to oblanceolate or obcordate, 3–11 mm long, 1.8–6.6 mm wide, acute to emarginate, paler below, scabrous to hirsute along margins and veins, rarely glabrous, margins thickened, usually recurved; stipules c. cordate, to 1.6 mm long, red or black. Male flowers 2–3 per axil, pedicels 0.6–1.8 mm long; sepals 0.7–2.1 mm long, white to yellow, often abaxially hairy; disc 0.9–1.7 mm wide; stamen filaments connate at base, 0.5–1.2 mm long. Female flowers 1–2 per axil; pedicels 0.8–4 mm long; sepals 1.1–3.5 mm long, white, yellow or green; disc 1.3–3.1 mm wide; styles variously divided, to 1.6 mm long. Capsule, transversely ellipsoid, apically depressed, 0.6–3 mm long, 2.4–4.2 mm wide, glabrous to puberulous; seeds yellow-brown to pallid-brown or black, 1.2–2.4 mm long, scalariform. Flowers all year.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HSF, NIS, OtP, VVP. Also NSW. Locally common (particularly in the east) in dry forest and woodland communities, often on shallow, rocky soils.

Phyllanthus occidentalis is similar to P. hirtellus and occurs within a few km of the Victorian border in New South Wales, but has not yet been found in this State. It can be distinguished from P. hirtellus by having shorter, strongly revolute leaves that have a dense covering of short hairs.

Source: Hunter, J.T.; Bruhl, J.J. (1999). Phyllanthus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
genus Phyllanthus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Phyllanthus hirtellus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Phyllanthus hirtellus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory