Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual herbs. Leaves simple, entire, dentate or pinnatisect, petiolate, becoming sessile and stem-clasping below inflorescence. Inflorescences bracteate cymes often branching into several compact dichasia. Flowers small, sessile, blue, rose-red or white; bracts scale-like, clasping and often retaining fruit for some time; sepals 1–30, connate in a short tube, not rolled at anthesis, enlarging in fruit; corolla more or less actinomorphic, 5-lobed, with a short tube c. as long as lobes, lobes subequal; stamens 3, filaments inserted in throat of corolla-tube; style slender, stigma shortly 3-branched. Cypsela dry, surmounted by persistent calyx, ridged where 2 cells aborted.

About 200 species, mostly from the Northern Hemisphere but also South America and South Africa; 5 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Valerianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-05
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Dipsacales
family Valerianaceae
Higher taxa
genus Valerianella
Subordinate taxa