Valerianella eriocarpa Desv.

Italian Corn-salad

J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 314 (1809) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Suberect or decumbent rosetted herb with branches to c. 35 cm long; branches with short bristly hairs mainly along ridges. Rosette leaves petiolate, oblanceolate-spathulate, mostly 2.5–7 cm long and 0.5–2.5 cm wide, obtuse, glabrous except for a few hairs on margins and veins, entire or sinuate; upper leaves sessile, becoming oblong-lanceolate, often with stem-clasping basal lobes, often coarsely toothed near inflorescence. Inflorescences of 1–several corymb-like dichasia, 1–20-flowered; bracts linear-lanceolate, green, clasping flowers and fruit. Calyx obliquely cup-shaped, c. 1 mm long, with 1–6 subequal lobes, enlarging in fruit; corolla blue or white, tube funnel-shaped, to c. 1 mm long, lobes oblong-lanceolate, c. 1 mm long, subequal; stigma with 3 short thread-like branches. Cypsela oblong, c. 1 mm long, slightly compressed, ridged on one side, hispid with spreading or hooked hairs, surmounted by sharply pointed and sometimes toothed calyx. Flowers mainly Oct. and Nov.

*CVU, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised SA, Tas. Native to southern Europe. Cultivated as a salad plant and occasionally naturalized.

Some authors recognize V. muricata as a species distinct from V. eriocarpa based on the fewer calyx-lobes of the former. The Victorian material shows considerable variation in degree of lobing of the calyx, even on an individual plant, so this distinction appears to have little taxonomic importance.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Valerianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Dipsacales
family Valerianaceae
genus Valerianella
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Valerianella eriocarpa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Valerianella eriocarpa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales