Cyperus reflexus Vahl

Enum. Pl. 2: 299 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender perennial with short thick rhizome. Culms trigonous, smooth, 20–50 cm high, 1–2.5 mm diam. Leaves scarcely septate-nodulose, shorter than culms, 1–2 mm wide. Inflorescence simple or compound with 4–8 branches to 4 cm long or head-like; digitate clusters 1–1.5 cm diam.; involucral bracts leaf-like, 3 or 4 exceeding the inflorescence. Spikelets flattened, numerous per cluster, 4–12 mm long, 0.8–2.5 mm wide in side view, 10–24-flowered; rachilla not winged, persistent; glumes with 3-nerved keel, dark red-brown, 1.5–2 mm long; stamen 1. Nut trigonous, obovoid to ellipsoid, grey-brown, two-fifths as long as glume, 0.8–1.4 mm long, c. 0.4 mm diam. Flowers spring–summer.

*GipP, *VRiv. Also naturalised in NSW. Native to North and South America. Known in Victoria by a few collections on swampy or irrigated farmland between Bendigo and Shepparton, and weedy parkland at Endeavour Hills (south-eastern suburb of Melbourne).

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-02-14
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Cyperus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cyperus reflexus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cyperus reflexus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales