Trifolium campestre var. campestre

Hop Clover

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate, ascending to erect annual herb; stems 5–50 cm long, simple or branching, sparsely hairy to glabrescent. Leaves pinnately trifoliolate, petiolate; leaflets rhombic to oblong-elliptic, 8–16 mm long, 4–8 mm wide, virtually glabrous, finely toothed, apex truncate or retuse; stipules leafy, adnate to petioles for about half their length. Inflorescence many-flowered, axillary, globose, 8–15 mm long, 7–10 mm wide, pedunculate; flowers subsessile. Calyx to c. 3 mm long, white, more or less glabrous, tube campanulate, 5-veined, throat open, teeth unequal, spiny, erect or spreading in fruit, lower 3 teeth at least twice as long as tube, upper teeth very short; corolla 4–6 mm long, yellow, persistent; standard spoon-shaped in fruit, hooded, margin minutely dentate. Pod obloid, 1–2 mm long, included in calyx tube; seed 1, ovoid, c. 1 mm long, yellow.  Flowers mainly Sep.–Jan.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. A common and well-established weed throughout much of Victoria.

Zohary & Heller (1984) recognize 3 varieties but apparently only the type variety occurs in Victoria. The others differ mainly in the length of the peduncles and flower and leaf colour.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-18

Zohary M. & Heller, D. (1984). The genus Trifolium, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Trifolium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Trifolium campestre var. campestre in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Trifolium campestre var. campestre in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory