Santalum lanceolatum R.Br.

Northern Sandalwood

Prodr. 356 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Erect shrub or small tree to c. 7 m high, often root-suckering; branchlets spreading and pendulous, angular-striate, glabrous. Leaves opposite, broad-lanceolate to narrow-elliptic, 2–9 cm long, 5–25 mm wide, acute, often mucronate, margins flat, surfaces concolorous or slightly discolorous, often somewhat glaucous; petiole 2–10 mm long. Inflorescences axillary or terminal panicles or racemes; peduncle 5–30 mm long; pedicels c. 1 mm long. Receptacle 2–3 mm long; tepals 4, triangular, 3–5 mm long, obtuse, greenish, caducous; basal hair tuft prominent; disc with oblong or spathulate lobes; style 3–4 mm long, stigma 4-lobed. Drupe ovoid, 7–10 mm diam., blue or purplish, with prominent circular apical scar, edible; endocarp smooth. Flowers mainly Aug.–Jan.

NIS, RobP, VRiv. Also WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Endangered in Victoria where currently known with certainty from only 4 small populations-in dry, rocky country at Springhurst and the Warby Ranges, and near the Murray River at Boundary Bend and Torumbarry.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Santalum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Santalanae
order Santalales
family Santalaceae
genus Santalum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Santalum lanceolatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Santalum lanceolatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales