Santalum

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrubs or small trees; branches ridged or angular, glabrous. Leaves opposite or whorled, well-developed, pinnately veined, petiolate, persistent. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary panicle or raceme, rarely an umbel. Flowers small, bisexual, pedicellate; bracts caducous; tepals 4, fleshy, persistent or caducous and leaving a circular scar, usually with hair tufts at base behind stamens; stamens 4, inserted near base of tepals; disc lobed between tepals; ovary half-inferior or inferior, ovules 2–4, style short, stigma small, 2–4-lobed. Fruit a drupe, more or less globose; mesocarp succulent or firm; endocarp woody, often rugose; seed solitary.

About 25 species, in South-east Asia and Pacific islands; 6 species in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Santalum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-31
 
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