Santalum acuminatum (R.Br.) A.DC.

Sweet Quandong

Prodr. 14: 684 (1857) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect shrub or small tree to c. 6 m high, often root-suckering; branchlets spreading to pendulous, angular-striate, glabrous. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, often falcate, 3–9 cm long, 3–15 mm wide, apex acute, often with a curved point when young, margins flat, surfaces concolorous, yellowish-green; petiole 3–8 mm long. Inflorescences terminal pyramidal panicles; peduncle 5–10 mm long; pedicels 1–2 mm long. Receptacle c. 1 mm long; tepals 4, triangular-ovate, 1–2 mm long, obtuse, green or orange, persistent; basal hair tuft short; disc shortly lobed; style c. 0.5 mm long, stigma 2-lobed. Drupe globose, with perianth persistent, 15–25 mm diam., bright shining red, rarely yellow, sweet, edible; endocarp deeply pitted; kernel edible. Flowers mainly Oct.–May.

CVU, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuF, MuM, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Widespread in woodland communities of north-western and northern Victoria but generally uncommon.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Santalum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Santalanae
order Santalales
family Santalaceae
genus Santalum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Santalum acuminatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Santalum acuminatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory