Santalaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Trees, shrubs, herbs, climbers, hemiparasitic mostly on the roots of other plants but sometimes also stem-hemiparasites. Leaves opposite or alternate, rarely whorled, simple, often reduced and scale-like, entire, sometimes caducous and/or apparently absent; stipules absent. Inflorescences axillary or terminal racemes, spikes, panicles, corymbs or cymes, often reduced to a single flower, usually bracteate, sometimes bracteolate. Flowers regular, bisexual or unisexual on monoecious or dioecious plants; perianth of a single whorl of 2–5 valvate segments (tepals) inserted on a shallow cup-like receptacle; stamens as many as tepals and adnate to their bases, the staminal filaments sometimes united, anthers 1- or 2-celled, often lobed and appearing 4-celled; ovary inferior or superior, 1- or imperfectly 2–5-celled, ovules 1 per cell or part-cell, pendulous, style simple, very short, stigma 2–5-lobed. Fruit a drupe or indehiscent nut, mesocarp often fleshy, receptacle often enlarged and fleshy; seed with copious albumen.

About 44 genera with c. 990 species, virtually cosmopolitan, chiefly in tropical and temperate regions; 13 genera and 66 species in Australia. The placement of some genera is controversial. Some authorities recognise Thesiaceae (Thesium) and Viscaceae (Korthalsella, Notothixos) as distinct.

Source: Jeanes, J.A.; Lepschi, B.J. (1999). Santalaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-06-11
 
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Santalanae
order Santalales
Higher taxa
family Santalaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Choretrum
genus Exocarpos
genus Korthalsella
genus Leptomeria
genus Notothixos
genus Omphacomeria
genus Santalum
genus Thesium