Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrubs or trees, rarely prostrate; branches terete or angular, glabrous, pubescent or scabrous. Leaves alternate, sometimes opposite, persistent or caducous, usually small and scale-like, often larger on young stems. Inflorescence an axillary spike or cluster (only 1 or 2 upper flowers in each inflorescence producing fruit). Flowers minute, mostly bisexual, sessile or subsessile, greenish-yellow, sometimes tinged red; tepals 4 or 5, free, persistent or caducous; stamens 4 or 5, inserted near base of tepals, often incurved over style; ovary superior, conical, fleshy, stigma sessile or subsessile, often lobed. Fruit a drupe or nut, more or less globose, on an enlarged succulent receptacle; exocarp thin, green or brown.

26 species, in South-east Asia and Pacific islands; 11 species in Australia.

Host species include members of the families Casuarinaceae, Fabaceae, Myrtaceae and Proteaceae. The fruiting receptacle of some species is edible.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Exocarpos. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-06
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