Santalum murrayanum (T.Mitch.) C.A.Gardner

Bitter Quandong

Bull. For. Dept. Western Australia 44: 9 (1929) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect shrub or small tree to c. 4 m high; branchlets spreading to pendulous, angular-striate, glabrous. Leaves opposite and in whorls of 3, narrow-lanceolate, mostly 1.5–3.5 cm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, uncinate, margins flat, surfaces concolorous, pale, yellowish- or greyish-green; petiole 1–4 mm long. Inflorescences many-flowered, mostly in upper axillary panicles shorter than leaves; peduncle 10–20 mm long; pedicels 1–2 mm long. Receptacle c. 1 mm long; tepals 4, triangular-ovate, 1–2 mm long, obtuse, yellowish, caducous; basal hair tuft short; disc barely lobed; style c. 0.5 mm long, stigma 3-lobed. Drupe globose with small circular apical scar, 15–25 mm diam., green to brownish, exceedingly bitter and inedible; endocarp wrinkled or slightly pitted; kernel edible. Flowers Aug.–Jan.

Gold, GGr, LoM, MuM, RobP, Wim. Also WA, SA, NSW. Scattered through north-western Victoria, mostly in mallee communities on sandhills and rather uncommon.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Santalum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Santalanae
order Santalales
family Santalaceae
genus Santalum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Santalum murrayanum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Santalum murrayanum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Goldfields present native
Greater Grampians present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales