Glycine clandestina J.C.Wendl.

Twining Glycine

Bot. Beob. 54 (1798) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Twining herb; stems elongated, non-stoloniferous, retrorse-hirsute to glabrous. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, dimorphic, petiole 5–40 mm long; leaflets sessile to subsessile,  those of upper leaves linear to oblong-lanceolate, 1–8 cm long, 2–10 mm wide, apices acute or obtuse; those of lower leaves oblanceolate to more or less orbicular, 0.5–3 cm long, 2–10 mm wide, apices usually obtuse; upper surface sparsely strigose to glabrous; lower surface more densely strigose; stipules oblong; lateral leaflets sometimes each subtended by a single stipel, central leaflet rarely with a pair of often-persistent stipels; leaflet reticulation obscure, with tertiary (and often secondary) veins usually indistinct. Racemes 4–18-flowered; peduncles mostly 2–6 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 1–2 mm long, usually arranged loosely and distally on rachis; bract lanceolate, 1–2 mm long; calyx 3–4 mm long, villous to glabrescent, lower 3 teeth shorter than, to as long as, tube; petals white, pale mauve, blue or purplish-pink; standard 5–10 mm long; keel 1–2 mm longer than wings. Pod linear to oblong, (2–)3–5 cm long, 2.5–4 mm wide, compressed, sparsely hairy to glabrous; seeds 4–12, ovoid to suborbicular, c. 1.5 mm long, smooth and shining or minutely muricate, olive-black to brownish-red. Flowers mostly Aug.–Feb.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Widespread across most of Victoria but less common in northern and western areas, growing in a wide variety of habitats.

A very variable species, particularly in terms of the indumentum, leaf size, shape and degree of dimorphism and flower size and colour. Var. sericea was erected by Bentham to include plants that are overall silky-pubescent or villous, have a rusty-villous calyx and very short pedicels. Later authors have used additional features such as narrower leaflets (Weber 1986) and longer pods (Elliot & Jones 1980-94) to further delineate this taxon. However, all these features are quite variable and it is not unusual to have a single plant displaying characteristics of both varieties. For this reason no varieties are recognized here.

A form with dense, pale indumentum, currently noted only from the Dunolly area, is unusual in having the central petiolule longer than the laterals and having a pair of stipels. This form appears consistent with Glycine clandestina 'Western Slopes' sensu Pfeil et al. (2001), and appears to share some morphological features with both G. canescens and G. microphylla.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-17

Pfeil, B.E.; Tindale, M.D. & Craven, L.A. (2001). A review of the Glycine clandestina species complex (Fabaceae: Phaseolae) reveals two new species, Australian Systematic Botany 14: 891-900.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Glycine
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Glycine clandestina in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Glycine clandestina in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory