Acacia longifolia subsp. longifolia

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Commonly an erect shrub or small tree to 10 m high. Phyllodes 5–20 cm long, 5–15 mm wide, thin, pliable, erect or spreading, mostly dark green. Pods mostly coriaceous and straight. Flowers Jun.–Oct.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Widespread in southern Victoria, possibly not native west of East Gippsland, but original range difficult to assess due to widespread naturalisation and equally common misidentification at varietal level.

This variety grades almost imperceptibly into var. sophorae, but the phyllodes typically are thinner, more pliable, usually wider at or below the middle (those of var. sophorae are mostly wider at or above the middle), and narrow gradually towards the apex (those of var. sophorae usually narrow abruptly). These varieties are sometimes treated as distinct species, but due to their morphological similarity and the presence of plants with intermediate features, infra-specific rank seems appropriate.

It seems likely that var. longifolia is spreading rapidly in southern Australia and becoming more common, possibly as a result of garden-escapes.

See A. oxycedrus for notes about hybrids with that species.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Acacia longifolia var. longifolia).
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia longifolia subsp. longifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia longifolia subsp. longifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory