Papaver dubium L.

Sp. Pl. 1196 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Plants annual, caulescent, sometimes subscapose, to 70 cm high, hirsute to hispid; stems simple or branched. Leaves to 20 cm long; basal and lower cauline blades pinnately lobed, upper cauline blades 1–2-pinnately lobed, their bases not stem-clasping. Peduncles spreading- to ascending-hispid proximally, strongly appressed-hispid distally; petals to 3 cm long, orange to red, rarely with dark basal spot; filaments purple, filiform, anthers violet; stigmas 7–9, disc ± flat. Capsules sessile or substipitate, narrowly obovoid, at least twice as long as wide, to 2 cm long, usually distinctly ribbed, glabrous. Flowering and fruiting Sep.–Jan.

*CVU, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *LoM, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to Europe, south-western Asia. Occurs in open, usually disturbed areas, in gravel, ballast, sand, loam, and clay.

Sometimes seems to intergrade with P. rhoeas, but usually distinguished readily by the nature of the distal pubescence on the peduncles— whether strongly appressed or not— and by the shape of the mature capsules— whether more or less than twice as long as broad.

Source: Kiger, R.W. (1996). Papaver. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Ranunculanae
order Ranunculales
family Papaveraceae
genus Papaver
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Papaver dubium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Papaver dubium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present introduced
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory