Eragrostis setifolia Nees

Bristly Love-grass

London J. Bot. 2: 419 (1843) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Slender, tufted or shortly rhizomatous perennial, the base swollen with a series of short subtending bracts (cataphylls) that are woolly in the axils, culms erect, usually unbranched, to 60 cm high. Leaves glabrous (except at summit of sheath); blade stiff, erect to slightly spreading, narrowly inrolled, to 8 cm long and 0.8 mm wide, sharp-pointed. Inflorescence a narrow, but open to moderately dense panicle, to 10 cm long and 4 cm wide, lower branches solitary. Spikelets 7–35-flowered, 4–20 mm long and 1.3–2.3 mm wide, straight or slightly curved, green to dull purplish grey; glumes acute, 0.8–1.7 mm long, subequal, membranous; lemmas 1.4–2 mm long, obtuse, margins remaining pale in purplish specimens, lateral nerves about midway between margins and keel; palea slightly shorter than lemma; anthers 0.5–0.8 mm long. Flowers mainly Sep.–Apr.

LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, RobP, VRiv, Wim. All mainland states. Uncommon in Victoria, occurs on clayey soils of seasonally flooded areas, confined to the far north-west. Plants at a young-flowering stage have a very different appearance from the mature plant, with a contracted inflorescence and very short, apparently few-flowered spikelets. The spikelets elongate rapidly toward maturity and the short panicle branches diverge, giving the plant its typical mature form.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Eragrostis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eragrostis setifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eragrostis setifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales