Prasophyllum gilgai D.L.Jones & D.T.Rouse

New Taxa Austral. Orch. (Austral. Orchid Res.) 5: 149 (2006) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering stem slender, 30–50 cm tall. Leaf-blade 10–15 cm long, 2–3 mm diam. at base, apex suberect, senescent at flowering time. Flowers 10–20, greenish brown, light brown, pink or white, fragrant, in an open spike 5–12 cm long; ovary obovoid, 3–5 mm long; sepals 8–12 mm long, thin-textured, dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, lateral sepals free or fused only at base, linear-lanceolate, recurved, parallel or slightly spreading; petals linear-lanceolate, 6–9 mm long, porrect or incurved. Labellum subsessile, porrect, 6–8 mm long, recurved at about right angles near middle, lamina usually pink or white, distal margins irregular; callus plate prominently raised, channelled, greenish, broad at base then tapered, extending almost to the labellum apex. Column appendages linear, c. 1.8 mm long. Flowers Oct.–Nov.

VRiv. Endemic to Victoria where found in gilgai formations in seasonally inundated Eucalyptus camaldulensis grassy woodland on heavy grey clay loam.

Known only from the type locality with less than 50 plants and regarded as critically endangered.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-04-07
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Prasophyllum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prasophyllum gilgai in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prasophyllum gilgai in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native

State distribution

Distribution map