Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques

Spider Plant

J. Soc. Imp. Centr. Hort. 8: 345 (1862) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted herb to c. 60 cm high. Roots tuberous. Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, flat to somewhat folded, 20–45 cm long, 6–25 mm wide. Inflorescence spreading to decumbent, becoming pendulous, axis branched. Flowers clustered in bract axis, most aborting or substituted by tufted plantlets, 15–20 mm wide, green to white; perianth segments spreading,  6–9 mm long, 3-nerved; stamens subequal or shorter than perianth; style 3–8 mm long. Capsule to c. 7 mm wide. Seed 2.0–3.5 mm diam, testa black.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *OtP, *VVP. Also naturalised in WA, Qld, NSW. Native to South Africa.

Widely cultivated as a house plant, with variegated forms common in cultivation. Both the variegated ‘Variegatum’ and non-variegated form are naturalised around Melbourne.

Chlorophytum comosum often produces adventitious plantlets at the apex of inflorescences that are capable of producing roots. 

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-10-06
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-19
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Chlorophytum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chlorophytum comosum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chlorophytum comosum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
New South Wales