Eucalyptus fraxinoides H.Deane & Maiden

White Ash

Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 23: 412 (1898) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Tree to 40 m tall; bark rough at base to 4 or 5 m, compact, fissured, grey-black; smooth bark white, usually with prominent scribbles. Juvenile leaves sessile, opposite for few pairs then petiolate, alternate, pendulous, ovate to broadly falcate, to 18 cm long, 6 cm wide, glaucous; adult leaves petiolate, alternate, lanceolate or falcate, 8–16 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, concolorous, glossy, green; reticulation very sparse, with numerous island oil glands. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles to 1.8 cm long, 7–11-flowered; buds pedicellate, clavate, often warty, to 0.7 cm long, 0.3 cm diam., no scar (single operculum); operculum conical to beaked; stamens irregularly flexed; anthers dorsifixed, reniform; ovules in 2 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit shortly pedicellate, urceolate, to 1.1 cm long, 1.1 cm diam.; disc descending; valves 4 or 5, below rim; seed black, glossy, smooth, pyramidal but distorted by one curved face, hilum terminal. Flowers Dec.–Feb.

EGL, EGU. Also NSW. In Victoria confined to the Howe Range east of Mallacoota, where found in gullies and on ridges.

Distinguished by the black butt, upper smooth, white bark with scribbles, glossy leaves and urceolate fruit.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-22
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Eucalyptus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus fraxinoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus fraxinoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory