Gynochthodes Blume

Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 993 (1827) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Woody climbers, rarely shrubs or trees. Leaves petiolate, opposite, sometimes with domatia; stipules interpetiolar, united, membranous. Inflorescence terminal or axillary subglobose to hemispherical heads. Flowers bisexual and functionally unisexual or unisexual and plants dioecious, sessile or sometimes pedicellate; calyx truncate, denticulate, sinuate, or with up to 5 lobes; calyx-tube connate; corolla-tube cylindric, campanulate or urceolate, 2–5-lobed, shorter than corolla lobes, rarely as long as or longer than corolla lobes, valvate in bud; stamens as many as corolla-lobes, inserted in throat of corolla-tube; anthers partly exserted; ovaries inferior, basally to completely fused, 2-locular each with a false septum; ovules 2 per locule, 1 per cell; style 2-lobed, exserted; stigmas linear. Fruit of 1-seeded drupes, usually united in a head to form a fleshy syncarp. Seeds globose or semi-globose.

93 species, from Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia, Malesia, Australia and south-west Pacific Islands; 10 described species in Australia.

Replaces Morinda in Australia. See Razafimandimbison & Bremer (2011).

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-03-16
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-09-26
 
References

Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. (2011). Nomenclatural changes and taxonomic notes in the tribe Morindeae (Rubiaceae), Adansonia 33: 1-11.

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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Rubiaceae
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Synonyms