Galium leiocarpum I.Thomps.

Muelleria 27: 79 (2009) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Prostrate to decumbent perennial, often extensively rhizomatous; stems slender, mostly 8–40 cm long, with a few tiny retrorse prickles or spreading to retrorse hairs, sometimes glabrous. Leaves and stipules subsessile, subequal, in whorls of 4, elliptic, narrow-obovate to oblanceolate or weakly spathulate, 2–15 mm long, 1–5 mm wide, acute or slightly acuminate, without terminal hair, upper surface usually with scattered flattened clear triangular prickles, lower surface glabrous or with few flattened clear triangular prickles along midrib; margins flat or narrowly recurved, with flattened triangular or antrorse clear prickles. Inflorescences mostly 1–3-flowered, occasionally 4–6-flowered, mostly not exceeding whorls when mature; peduncles mostly 2–7 mm long; pedicels 2–7 mm long. Corolla 1–1.5 mm diam., greenish or greenish-cream. Fruit depressed-globose to globose, c. 0.8–1.1 mm long; mericarps reniform, touching one another, smooth, not or hardly rugose, dark brown, with scattered short, antrorsely curved hairs or rarely glabrous (not in Victoria).  Flowers spring–summer.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro. Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Relatively common in damp to wet forest throughout the eastern half of the state with westerly occurrences in the Otway Ranges and near Cavendish.

Previously mistaken for the New Zealand endemic Galium propinquum. Galium propinquum differs from Galium leiocarpum by its slightly obovoid and glabrous ovary that is rugose when dry, by more spathulate leaves and by inflorescences that are of a similar length to the whorls or exceed them rather than some inflorescences being clearly shorter than the whorls as in G. leiocarpum (Thompson 2009).

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-03-08
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-24
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Rubiaceae
genus Galium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Galium leiocarpum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Galium leiocarpum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory