Gleichenia dicarpa R.Br.

Pouched Coral-fern

Prodr. 161 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rachis of major branches cobwebby with membranous, fringed scales and numerous stellate hairs (flattened and not tufted as in G. microphylla). Ultimate branches linear, 2–5 cm long, with small, close-set pinnules; undersurface of pinna-rachis covered with small, pale, finely fringed scales; uncoiling tips (and young rachises) greyish-fawn, covered in fringed scales and soft hairs. Pinnules c. 2 mm long, almost semicircular, lower surface with margin strongly recurved to form a pouch. Sori with 2, rarely 1 or 3, sporangia, virtually enclosed within pouch; sporangia dull, yellowish-white.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HNF, HSF, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also NT, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. (including Flinders Is.). New Zealand, New Caledonia, Indonesia, Malaysia. On edges of wet forest, open creek beds, swamps or wet heathland, or between rocks in alpine areas where uncommon and the habit more compact.

The degree of 'pouching' in Gleichenia dicarpa varies between forms, from the margin being strongly recurved only in the apical half of the pinnule to the more typical form where the margin is recurved from all sides, almost completely obscuring the undersurface of the pinnule. The less recurved forms often have fewer scales on the undersurface of the pinna-rachis and more stellate hairs, rather than scales, on the main rachis. Such plants, from localities such as Wilsons Promontory, Mornington Peninsula, East Gippsland and Wallaby Creek, are somewhat intermediate between G. dicarpa and G. microphylla.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
genus Gleichenia
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Gleichenia dicarpa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gleichenia dicarpa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania