Ficaria verna Huds.

Lesser Celandine

Fl. Anglica 214 (1762) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial glabrous herb with stems very short or trailing, to c. 10 cm long. Leaves apparently rosetted or alternate; petioles 2–6 cm long; lamina ovate to almost circular or reniform, shallowly to deeply cordate, c. 1–3 cm diam. Flowering stems ascending to erect, to c. 5 cm long; sepals ovate, 5–8 mm long, membranous, attached slightly above base; petals usually 8, narrow-elliptic, 8–12 mm long, 2–3 mm wide; stamens 20–30. Achenes c. 20, ovoid, weakly keeled, beak barely developed (mature achenes not seen). Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *VVP. Native to Europe. First recorded in Victoria in 1986 from poorly-drained areas within lawn adjacent to Lake Wendouree, Ballarat, with subsequent collections made in the Dandenong Ranges and surrounds.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Ranunculaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Ranunculanae
order Ranunculales
family Ranunculaceae
genus Ficaria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Ficaria verna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ficaria verna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map