Salix ×fragilis L.

Sp. Pl. 2: 1070 (1753)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Spreading tree to 18 m high or more; trunks short, thick, 1–several; bark pale grey-brown, ultimately dark brown, coarsely and deeply fissured; branches erect to spreading or slightly weeping; twigs lustrous, olive-green, brownish-green to orange-yellow or dark red, moderately fragile to very brittle at point of attachment; buds initially pale yellow-green, ultimately brown, more or less glabrous or somewhat appressed-sericeous. Leaves narrow-lanceolate to ovate, rarely elliptic, 5.5–18.5 cm long, 1.5–4.5 cm wide, at first appressed-sericeous on both sides, soon glabrous and deep lustrous green above, finally glabrous and glaucous or glaucescent below; apex acuminate to long-acuminate; base cuneate, sometimes rounded; margins glandular-toothed, sometimes minutely so; stipules caducous, narrow, caudate-acuminate or acuminate, 2–9 mm long; margins glandular-serrate, upper surface with few to numerous sessile glands. Catkins spreading or erect, produced on short leafy lateral shoots; male catkins cylindric, 4–8 cm long, 0.7–1.3 cm wide; catkin-scales 2–3.5 mm long, pale yellow-green; stamens 2 (rarely 3), filaments free, pilose at the base; female catkins 5.5–8 cm long (up to 11 cm in fruit), c. 7 mm wide, catkin-scales generally larger than in males, caducous; ovary subsessile or minutely stalked, 2.5–4 mm long, flask-shaped, tapering to a narrow apex. Capsule 4–5 mm long.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP.

A hybrid taxon involving Salix alba and Salix euxina I.V.Belyaeva (Belayaeva 2009). 2 nothovars naturalised in Victoria.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-08-10
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-03-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Salicaceae
genus Salix
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Salix ×fragilis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salix ×fragilis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised