Pittosporum bicolor Hook.


J. Bot. (Hooker) 1: 249 (1834) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect, rather dense shrub or tree to 18 m high; branchlets densely tomentose. Leaves oblong, narrow-elliptic or lanceolate, mostly 2–9 cm long, 4–18 mm wide, upper surface green and finally glabrous, lower surface with persistent greyish indumentum; margins usually recurved. Flowers bisexual, solitary in axils; pedicels decurved, 4–25 mm long; sepals free, lanceolate to ovate, 2–8 mm long, finally reflexed, usually maroon-tinged; petals oblong to oblanceolate, 8–13 mm long, yellow internally, with purple-maroon veins and/or markings externally, recurved at apex. Capsule subglobose, c. 7–10 mm diam., yellowish, turning grey-black when ripe, pubescent, inner face dark and wrinkled; seeds numerous, 2.5–3.5 mm long, red. Flowers mainly Aug.–Dec.

EGL, EGU, GipP, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, WaP, WPro. Also NSW, Tas. Locally common in montane forests and fern gullies, occasionally ascending to the subalps in exposed scrub and heathlands. Seeds frequently germinate on the trunks of tree ferns.

Seedlings of P. bicolor are curious in having 3 cotyledons. The leaves of seedling plants also have a sparser indumentum than those of adult plants and are sometimes almost glabrous on both surfaces. Occasionally hybridizes with P. undulatum (see notes under Pittosporum bicolor × Pittosporum undulatum).

Source: Walsh, N.G.; Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Pittosporaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2016-04-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
genus Pittosporum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Pittosporum bicolor in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pittosporum bicolor in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory