Bromus catharticus var. catharticus

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Culms erect, to 120 cm high. Leaves glabrous to sparsely pubescent; blade loosely folded, to 45 cm long and 9 mm wide, scabrous; ligule 2–5 mm long. Inflorescence a loose panicle to 30 cm long. Spikelets (20–)25–40 mm long, 4–7 mm wide (when fully expanded but prior to breaking up at maturity); lower glume 6–12 mm long, upper glume 8–14 mm long; lemma 10–20 mm long, scabrous along keel but otherwise glabrous; awn 1–4 mm long. Flowers mostly Aug.–Jan.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Except for the mallee and mountain areas, common and widespread through the state, mostly on roadsides, in paddocks, lawns etc., but not commonly invading native vegetation. Native to the northern parts of South America, but widely naturalised around the world.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-07-14
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-07-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Bromus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Bromus catharticus var. catharticus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bromus catharticus var. catharticus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced