Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades flat; ligules membranous. Inflorescence a panicle or raceme. Spikelets laterally compressed, several-flowered; glumes shorter than spikelet, persistent, the upper longer than lower, both 1–9-nerved; lemma firm or membranous, awned or mucronate, often bifid at apex; palea mostly shorter than lemma.

About 50 species, almost cosmopolitan, but with greatest development in the Mediterranean, western Europe and eastern Asia regions; 23 in Australia, all but one introduced, 13 in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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