Bromus alopecuros Poir.

Voy. Barb. 2: 100 (1789) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual, culms erect or geniculate near base, to 70 cm high. At least the lower leaves softly hairy, hairs on lower sheath often decurved; blade flat, to 20 cm long and 4 mm wide; ligule ciliate on abaxial surface, toothed, 0.5–2 mm long. Inflorescence a contracted cylindric to narrowly ovoid panicle 4–12 cm long with erect branches shorter than the spikelets. Spikelets sparsely to moderately hairy, 8–16-flowered, flattened, oblong to lanceolate, 15–40 mm long (excluding awns); lower glume 3-nerved, 5–9 mm long, upper glume 7-nerved, 8–12 mm long; lemma 10–18 mm long, with an apical notch to 3 mm deep, 7-nerved; awn 8–15 mm long, conspicuously flattened, twisting near base and spreading toward maturity, inserted 3–6 mm below lemma apex. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *Gold, *GGr, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. An occasional weed of crops, pasture and roadsides, mostly in drier parts of the State.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Bromus lanceolatus Roth).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-18
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Bromus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Bromus alopecuros in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bromus alopecuros in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present cultivated
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales