Bromus hordeaceus L.

Soft Brome

Sp. Pl. 77 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender, few-leaved annual, culms erect, to 80 cm high. Leaves softly hairy; sheath often with decurved hairs; blade flat, to 12 cm long and 6 mm wide; ligule pubescent on abxial surface, shortly toothed, c. 1 mm long. Inflorescence a rather dense, narrowly ovate to linear panicle, to 10 cm long, pedicels mostly shorter than spikelets. Spikelets plump, (4–)6–10(–13)-flowered, lanceolate, 12–18 mm long (excluding awns), usually covered with soft hairs, rarely glabrous; lower glume 3-nerved, 4.5–7 mm long, upper glume 5-nerved, 5.5–8 mm long; lemma 7.5–10 mm long (excluding the awn), membranous, blunt at apex and with a notch c. 1 mm deep; awn erect to slightly spreading, 4–11mm long, inserted at the base of the notch. Flowers Oct.–Jan.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States except NT. Also widely naturalised in other countries (e.g. North and South America, New Zealand); native to most of Europe. Occurs in most habitats following disturbance but uncommon in areas of high rainfall away from cultivated land. A common component of pasture and hay.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2021-03-23
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Bromus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Bromus hordeaceus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bromus hordeaceus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory