Cent. Pl. 1: 5 (1755) APNI
Slender, few-leaved annual, culms erect, occasionally shortly pubescent below the inflorescence, to 80 cm high. Leaves glabrous to moderately hairy; blade flat, to 20 cm long and 6 mm wide; ligule glabrous, toothed to deeply laciniate, 1–2 mm long. Inflorescence a moderately to quite dense narrowly ovoid panicle, to 15 cm long, but often much less, branches and pedicels erect, mostly shorter than the spikelets, but at least the lower 1 cm long or more. Spikelets 4–10-flowered, shortly hairy, rarely almost glabrous, oblong-cuneate, 18–35 mm long (excluding awns), florets rather loosely arranged and somewhat spreading; lower glume 1-nerved, 5–10 mm long, upper glume 3-nerved, 8–15 mm long, both very narrow; lemma 12–20 mm long, excluding awn, with a distinct dorsal angle, entire at apex or notched to 2 mm deep; awn 10–22 mm long, inserted 2–3 mm below lemma apex, straight or slightly outcurved at maturity. Flowers Aug.–Nov.
*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalised in all mainland States except NT, widely in temperate countries. Indigenous to southern Europe. A common crop weed in the north-west of the State, occasional on dry or shallow, rocky soils elsewhere. A variable species, smaller plants may be confused with depauperate specimens of the generally more compact Bromus rubens.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|