Bromus madritensis L.

Madrid Brome

Cent. Pl. 1: 5 (1755) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender, few-leaved annual, culms erect, occasionally shortly pubescent below the inflorescence, to 80 cm high. Leaves glabrous to moderately hairy; blade flat, to 20 cm long and 6 mm wide; ligule glabrous, toothed to deeply laciniate, 1–2 mm long. Inflorescence a moderately to quite dense narrowly ovoid panicle, to 15 cm long, but often much less, branches and pedicels erect, mostly shorter than the spikelets, but at least the lower 1 cm long or more. Spikelets 4–10-flowered, shortly hairy, rarely almost glabrous, oblong-cuneate, 18–35 mm long (excluding awns), florets rather loosely arranged and somewhat spreading; lower glume 1-nerved, 5–10 mm long, upper glume 3-nerved, 8–15 mm long, both very narrow; lemma 12–20 mm long, excluding awn, with a distinct dorsal angle, entire at apex or notched to 2 mm deep; awn 10–22 mm long, inserted 2–3 mm below lemma apex, straight or slightly outcurved at maturity. Flowers Aug.–Nov.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalised in all mainland States except NT, widely in temperate countries. Indigenous to southern Europe. A common crop weed in the north-west of the State, occasional on dry or shallow, rocky soils elsewhere. A variable species, smaller plants may be confused with depauperate specimens of the generally more compact Bromus rubens.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Bromus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Bromus madritensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bromus madritensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory