Bromus rubens L.

Red Brome

Cent. Pl. 1: 5 (1755) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender or sometimes tufted annual, culms erect or geniculate, generally shortly pubescent below the inflorescence, to 40 cm high (rarely more). Leaves softly hairy; blade flat, to 20 cm long and 5 mm wide; ligule glabrous, toothed to deeply laciniate, 1–3 mm long. Inflorescence a dense ovoid to obovoid panicle, to 8 cm long (excluding awns), branches and pedicels erect, not or very rarely longer than 1 cm and mostly 1–4 mm. Spikelets 4–8-flowered, glabrous or hairy, narrowly oblong, 12–20 mm long (excluding awns), florets closely overlapping, remaining erect; lower glume 1-nerved, 5–8 mm long, upper glume 3-nerved, 8–12 mm long; lemma 10–14 mm long, excluding awn, dorsally rounded or almost flat, notched at apex to 4 mm deep; awn 8–12 mm long, inserted 3–5 mm below lemma apex, remaining straight or recurving slightly at maturity. Flowers Jul.–Nov.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WPro, *Wim. Naturalised in all mainland States except Qld and NT. Indigenous to the Mediterranean region. A common weed of sandy ground, dry lake beds and river flats in the north and north-west of the State, elsewhere occasional to locally common, mostly on drier sites.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Bromus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Bromus rubens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bromus rubens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory