Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Uncertain

Spikes mostly 4 or more and more than 3 cm long; spikelets to 2.5 mm long; lemma glabrous to shortly pubescent along the keel; leaves glabrous or almost so except about the ligule. Flowers all year.

DunT, GGr, OtP, RobP, Strz, VAlp, WPro, *CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. All States. Cosmopolitan. Common on lowland sandy soils throughout the State, but absent from or very rare in moist forests, intact heathland and the alps. A common and often troublesome garden weed, but selections have been made of some forms as a close-growing, hardy turf species.

Regarded as being indigenous in Australia by some authorities, but its absence from most unaltered tracts of native vegetation in Victoria strongly suggests that it is an introduction in this State.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-07-17
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Cynodon
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present introduced
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Robinvale Plains present uncertain
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present uncertain
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Greater Grampians present uncertain
Dundas Tablelands present uncertain
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Wilsons Promontory present uncertain
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present uncertain
Victorian Alps present uncertain

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory