Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.


Syn. Pl. 1: 85 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Uncertain

Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Leaves hairy about the ligule, occasionally glaucous; blade flat or somewhat channelled, blunt-tipped, to 15 cm long and 4 mm wide, smooth to scabrous; ligule to c. 0.5 mm long. Inflorescence usually purplish, with 2–6 spikes, these widely-spreading at maturity, 2–6 cm long. Spikelets appressed to axis, closely overlapping, 1.5–3 mm long; glumes narrow, acute, 1–2.2 mm long; lemma strongly compressed, obliquely ovate, acute, glabrous or hairy along the keel; palea subequal to lemma.

DunT, GGr, MSB, OtP, OtR, RobP, Strz, VAlp, WPro, *CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim.

2 varieties occur in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Cynodon
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cynodon dactylon in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cynodon dactylon in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present introduced
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Scroll Belt present uncertain
Robinvale Plains present uncertain
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present uncertain
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Greater Grampians present uncertain
Dundas Tablelands present uncertain
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Wilsons Promontory present uncertain
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced
Otway Ranges present uncertain
Strzelecki Ranges present uncertain
Victorian Alps present uncertain

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory