Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.


Syn. Pl. 1: 85 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Leaves hairy about the ligule, occasionally glaucous; blade flat or somewhat channelled, blunt-tipped, to 15 cm long and 4 mm wide, smooth to scabrous; ligule to c. 0.5 mm long. Inflorescence usually purplish, with 2–6 spikes, these widely-spreading at maturity, 2–6 cm long. Spikelets appressed to axis, closely overlapping, 1.5–3 mm long; glumes narrow, acute, 1–2.2 mm long; lemma strongly compressed, obliquely ovate, acute, glabrous or hairy along the keel; palea subequal to lemma.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, OtR, RobP, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim, *WPro.

2 varieties occur in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Cynodon
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cynodon dactylon in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cynodon dactylon in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory