Juncus subsecundus N.A.Wakef.

Finger Rush

Victorian Naturalist 73: 211 (1957) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted perennial with horizontal rhizomes. Cataphylls usually more or less tight, pale brown or pale pinkish-brown towards the base (rarely mid-dark brown), to c 12 cm long. Culms erect, typically slender and wiry, dull green to grey-or bluish-green, 20–90 cm high and 0.5–2.3 mm diam.; striations (18–)20–35(–40), strongly raised and easily counted; pith interrupted throughout or in part (rarely continuous), air spaces variable in size; stomates superficial. Inflorescence variable, flowers either clustered or scattered; primary bract continuous with culm, to c. 22 cm long; prophylls present. Tepals stramineous or rarely faintly reddish tinged, 2.0–4.0 mm long; stamens 3–6, anthers 0.6–1.0 mm long. Capsules stramineous with a golden-brown apex, shorter than, equal to, or longer than the tepals, 2.0–3.5 mm long. Flowers mostly Oct.–Jan., seeds shed mostly Nov.–Feb.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, RobP, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. All States except NT. Introduced in New Zealand. A widespread species in Victoria, tending to occur in slightly drier sites than most species of subgenus Genuini.

Specimens of Juncus subsecundus are variable in inflorescence shape; at one extreme those with few tight flower clusters resembling J. filicaulis and at the other extreme those with very open inflorescences with widely spaced flowers resembling J. remotiflorus and J. radula. Juncus subsecundus often resembles J. flavidus but differs in having fewer, more prominent culm striations, superficial stomates and cataphylls that are paler towards the base.

Hybrids with J. sarophorus, J. remotiflorus, J. radula, J. pallidus, J. flavidus, J. filicaulis, J. australis, J. aridicola and J. amabilis are known.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1994). Juncus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Juncaceae
genus Juncus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Juncus subsecundus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Juncus subsecundus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory