Cotoneaster

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Evergreen or deciduous shrubs or rarely small trees; branchlets never spine-tipped, often pubescent or tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, entire, short-petiolate; stipules present. Inflorescence a cymose cluster, terminating lateral spurs, or flowers solitary. Flowers small, numerous, bisexual, white or pink. Sepals 5, small, persistent in fruit; petals 5, clawed; stamens c. 20; carpels 2–5, free on ventral side, enclosed within and united to receptacle, walls bony in fruit, ovules 2 per carpel. Fruit a small globose pome with mealy flesh, red (in Victoria) or black, persistent; pyrenes 2–5.

About 50 species, from northern temperate regions of Europe and Asia; 6 species naturalised in Australia.

Several species are cultivated as ornamentals, and several have become naturalised from this source, usually by bird-dispersed seed.

Source: Jeanes, J.A.; Jobson, P.C. (1996). Rosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
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