Acacia provincialis A.Camus


Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 64: 68 (1927) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Bushy or more or less open shrub or tree, 6–8 m high; bark smooth, grey; branchlets often pendulous,  angled or flattened, often pruinose, reddish-brown. Phyllodes narrowly oblanceolate, or sometimes linear or narrowly elliptic, 7–22 cm long, 3–15 mm wide, glabrous, usually glaucous to ashen-green, usually gradually narrowed to acute or acuminate, straight or sometimes subuncinate apex; veins pinnate, obscure except for prominent midrib; gland not prominent, 1–16 mm above pulvinus. Raceme with rachis 2–4(–5) cm long, glabrous; peduncles 3–5(–7) mm long, glabrous; heads globular, (18–)30–50-flowered, golden to pale yellow. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united. Pods linear, to 16 cm long, 5–7 mm wide, firmly chartaceous to thinly crustaceous, glabrous; seeds longitudinal, oblong to oblong-elliptic, 4–6 mm long, dull to slightly shiny, dark brown to black; funicle three-quarters or more encircling seed, red-brown to blackish, aril clavate. Flowers mostly Sept.–Jan.

CVU, DunT, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuM, OtP, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. SA. Occurs from the Glenelg River to near Melbourne, mainly in open-forest in poorly drained soils inland from the coast. Some plants growing in suburban Melbourne and all populations further east are presumed to result from plantings.

Previously confused with and resembles Acacia retinodes (which is now regarded to be endemic to the Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia). However, that species is distinguished by its dark, rough bark, suckering habit, and heads with fewer flowers. Also see note under A. uncifolia.

Plants from wetter sites tend to have a more open, wispy habit with more pendulous terminal branchlets compared with those from drier sites. Also, their branchlets are more obviously angled and their phyllodes more glaucous.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Acacia retinodes var. retinodes).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia provincialis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia provincialis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory