Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted annuals or perennials. Ligule membranous, sometimes fringed. Inflorescence a panicle of short racemes in clusters, each raceme subtended by a leafy bract or spathe; racemes of an involucre of 4 sessile or shortly pedicellate, male or sterile spikelets with a terminal triplet of a bisexual, sessile spikelet and a pair of shortly pedicellate male or sterile spikelets; involucre persisting on culm after maturity, the terminal triplet falling entire or its component spikelets separating at maturity; glumes subequal, the lower 7–11-nerved, the upper 1–5-nerved; male or sterile spikelets unawned, with a membranous lemma, palea absent; lower lemma of fertile spikelets sterile, unawned, membranous, upper lemma fertile, membranous, awned; palea sometimes lacking.

27species, from Africa, warmer parts of Asia, the Americas and Australasia; 4 native species and 1 naturalised in Australia, 2 native in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-07-13
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
Higher taxa
genus Themeda
Subordinate taxa