Sprengelia incarnata Sm.

Pink Swamp-heath

Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 260: t. 8 (1794) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect shrub to c. 2 m high. Leaves spreading above sheathing base, ovate to lanceolate, 3–20 mm long, 2–6(–10) mm wide, concave; apex acuminate, with mucro to 0.7 mm long. Flowers crowded in the upper 1–8 cm of stems; bracts and bracteoles collectively c. 5–10, acuminate, mucronate, ciliolate; sepals pink (occasionally white), erect to spreading, shortly united at base, narrowly triangular to lanceolate, 3.8–5.5 mm long; corolla pink (rarely white), often darker towards centre; tube 0.5–1.3 mm long; lobes narrowly triangular, 3–5 mm long, spreading at anthesis; stamens c. 3–4 mm long, anthers cohering around the style, papillose-hairy externally (very rarely glabrous), style shortly exceeding the anthers at maturity. Fruit 2–3 mm long. Flowers Jun.–Dec.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HSF, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Occurs in wet heathland, sedgeland and other swampy vegetation on peaty or sandy soils. Typically a species of lower altitudes, but ascending to over 1000 m in the Grampians and on Mt Baw Baw.

A 1930 collection from Mt Baw Baw is atypical in its small spreading stature and short style (c. 1.5 mm long) not exceeding the anthers. This form, which also occurs in Tasmania, approaches var. montana R. Br., but differs in having papillose-hairy anthers. Several forms of S. incarnata occur in Tasmania and further study is required to determine whether segregate taxa should be recognized.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Epacridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Ericaceae
genus Sprengelia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Sprengelia incarnata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sprengelia incarnata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory