Diuris pardina Lindl.

Leopard Orchid

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 507 (1840) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant slender, 14–40 cm tall. Leaves 2 or 3, linear, channelled, 10–30 cm long. Flowers 2–10, orange-yellow, heavily blotched with dark brown; pedicel (excluding ovary) 1–3 cm long, slender, partly enclosed within tapered bract; dorsal sepal obliquely erect, ovate, 8–12 mm long, apex often recurved; lateral sepals deflexed, recurved, parallel usually strongly crossed, sickle-shaped, 10–18 mm long, green with darker markings; petals obliquely erect to recurved, 10–20 mm long, claw to c. 7 mm long, blackish, lamina ovate, usually heavily blotched on outer surface. Labellum projected forward, 5–7 mm long, 3-lobed; lateral lobes about as long as mid-lobe, oblong, asymmetric, distal margin slightly scalloped; mid-lobe wedge-shaped, strongly folded; callus of two raised fleshy ridges extending from base to proximal portion of mid-lobe, ending in 2 teeth. Column wings about same height as anther. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Widespread and locally common in the southern half of the State, occurring in heathlands or drier open-forests.

The previously used name for these plants, Diuris maculata Sm., actually refers to an endemic of the central coast of NSW. Diuris pardina is later-flowering and has more heavily blotched flowers which are mostly orange-yellow rather than bright yellow. There is considerable morphological variation within D. pardina and at least one variant from western Victoria seems to represent a distinct species. Diuris brevissima W. Fitzg. ex Nicholls, a NSW endemic that resembles Diuris pardina, has been incorrectly attributed to Victoria.

Hybrids between D. pardina and D. chryseopsis have been referred to D. ×palachila, but that taxon refers (strictly) to hybrids between D. pardina and D. behrii. Diuris pardina is also known to hybridize naturally with D. orientis, D. sulphurea and D. palustris. Many of these hybrids can back-cross with either parent species creating a confusing array of intermediate forms (Jones 1988).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-02-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Diuris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Diuris pardina in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Diuris pardina in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory