Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Terrestrial glabrous herbs, with ovoid to lobed tubers. Leaves 2–several, more or less basal, narrow, glabrous; flowering stem with several bracts. Flowers pedicellate, in terminal raceme, yellow, purple or white, often spotted or blotched with dark brown or purple, column uppermost; dorsal sepal erect, sometimes slightly recurved at apex, more or less ovate, blunt, clasping the column at base; lateral sepals narrow-linear, spreading or deflexed, parallel or crossed, longer than the dorsal sepal, often green; petals clawed, longer than dorsal sepal, ovate, elliptic or orbicular, erect or spreading. Labellum usually as long as or longer than dorsal sepal, deeply 3-lobed; mid-lobe much contracted at base, with 1 or 2 longitudinal ridges along narrow part. Column very short, stigma and stamen arising separately at base, staminode margins lobed or winged.

Over 65 named species, all except 1 endemic to Australia; 21 occurring in Victoria.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-01-16
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