Cenchrus longisetus M.C.Johnst.


Sida 1: 182 (1963) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Long-rhizomatous or sometimes tussock-forming perennial. Culms erect, to c. 70 cm high. Leaf-blades flat or channelled, to 30 cm long and 5 mm wide, glabrous or sparsely hairy near base, scabrous; sheaths ciliate along margins; ligules 0.5–1 mm long, with longer lateral hair-tufts. Inflorescence a soft, moderately dense ovoid to broadly cylindric panicle 3–10 cm long; spikelets 1–4 per branch, subtended by an involucre 25–45 mm long, of shining white (rarely purplish) plumose bristles. Spikelets lanceolate, 7–11 mm long; lower glume rudimentary, c. 0.5 mm long; upper glume 1-nerved, lanceolate, 2–4 mm long, membranous; lower floret staminate or sterile, its lemma slightly shorter than the spikelet, 7–9-nerved, palea subequal to lemma; upper floret bisexual, lemma equal to spikelet, resembling lower lemma, palea subequal to lemma. Flowers Nov.–May.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States except NT. Native to tropical north-east Africa, and Yemen. Occasionally grown in gardens for its ornamental inflorescence, but readily escaping and becoming a weed in lawns, along roadsides and in pastures where not favoured as fodder by stock.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Pennisetum villosum R.Br.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-13
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Cenchrus L.
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Cenchrus longisetus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cenchrus longisetus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory